Transport, Supply Chain

Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Driver


A Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Driver operates large trucks and trailers to transport goods over long distances. They plan and follow routes, load and unload cargo, and keep accurate records of their trips. They must have a commercial driver’s license (CDL), and adhere to strict safety regulations.

The main responsibilities of a heavy and tractor-trailer truck driver include inspecting their vehicle before and after each trip, driving long distances on highways and interstates, delivering goods on time and in good condition, communicating with dispatchers and customers, and following all safety regulations and traffic laws. They may also be responsible for loading and unloading their truck and maintaining records of their driving and delivery activities.

Common tasks 

    TaskRelated trait(s)
    Inspecting and maintaining and operating the vehicle Activity level Assertiveness Risk avoidance Conscientiousness – Following the Schedule
    Planning and following a routes Risk avoidance
    Loading and unloading cargo and inspecting goods before and after transport to ensure they are in good condition Risk avoidance Assertiveness
    Communicating with dispatchers and others to coordinate deliveries and resolve issues Emotional stability Politeness
    Maintaining records, such as bills of lading, delivery receipts, and mileage logs Conscientiousness – Following the Schedule
    Complying with state and federal regulations regarding the operation of commercial vehicles, including maintaining required permits and licenses Integrity Risk avoidance
    Maintaining a professional demeanor and representing the company in a positive manner to customers and other stakeholders Dutifulness – Respecting rules
    Coordinating with other drivers to ensure efficient use of resources Politeness Teamplayer Helping Others

    Soft skills measured by TraitForward

    TraitNo of QuestionsCronbach’s  alpha (α)
    Activity level80.74
    Can they cope with heavy workloads?
    Emotional stability50.75
    Can they remain calm in difficult situations?
    Can they take charge when needed?
    Are they trustworthy?
    Risk avoidance50.76
    Will they follow health and safety procedures?
    Can they deal in a polite manner?
    Conscientiousness – Following the Schedule90.82
    Do they have a desirable work ethic? Do they complete their tasks on time?
    Dutifulness – Respecting rules80.75
    Do they respect rules and authority?
    Teamplayer Helping Others60.75
    Do they like helping others?
    *Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (α) determines the extent to which the questions consistently measure each trait and it is expressed as a number ranging between 0 and 1 . Higher values indicate higher agreement between questions.  A value of α equal to greater than .7 indicates acceptable reliability or internal consistency.  For more information on the psychometric properties of the solution, please click here.

    Did you Know?

    Source: US Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics

    Median wage: 

    $48,310 / per year

    $23 / hour

    A relatively low annual wage is $30,710 10th percentile)

    A relatively high salary of the annual wage is $72,730 (90th percentile)

    Expected employment growth:

    Number of professionals occupied in US in 2021: 2.01 M

    Projected number of professionals occupied in US in 2031: 2.2 M

    Employment percent change: 4.3 %

    Entry Education level:

    To become a heavy and tractor-trailer truck driver, one typically needs a commercial driver’s license (CDL), which requires completing a training program and passing a written and driving test. Drivers must also be at least 21 years old, have a clean driving record, and pass a medical exam. They must have excellent driving skills, be able to operate large vehicles safely, and have good communication and problem-solving skills. Additionally, they must be able to work independently and be comfortable spending long periods on the road.

    Find out the psychometric properties for the Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Driver Traitforward questionnaire